Terpenes in cannabis are the essential oils that give cannabis strains their unique aromas. Terpenes assist our bodies to absorb and utilize the therapeutic effects of cannabinoids. Terpenes may also alter or reduce the effects of cannabinoids including THC.
Terpenes are as important as cannabinoids
Cannabis terpenes and cannabinoids are a team to provide the maximum effect from all strains of cannabis. Terpenes are usually distilled from plant materials like citrus rinds or pine needles. Although essential oils may be used for aromatherapy, these are extremely rare. Terpenes can also come from insects, animals or even.
Most of the time they’re extracted from plant material. There are more than 200 terpenes in cannabis plants that produce distinct scents and tastes. Terpenes are responsible for the lavender and lemon scents. Terpenes are a plant’s natural defense mechanism, and have been utilized for centuries as food additives that enhance the flavor of various products.
Cannabis terpenes not only provide the flavor and scent of cannabis but also offer positive effects on health. It is believed that terpenes can be responsible for many of the unique traits of a particular strain. They have been found to have positive effects on migraines anxiety, stress, inflammation mood swings, and many other illnesses.
Similar to cannabinoids, terpenes attach to receptors throughout our bodies and brains that regulate mood as well as sleep patterns, memory food cravings, and many other. When combined with cannabinoids terpenes can magnify the medicinal effects of cannabis while also reducing the negative effects of cannabis.
Chemical compounds that work together to enhance your medical marijuana experience. They also give you longer-lasting, stronger relief. This is the reason that different mixtures of cannabinoids can cause different symptoms for patients. A strain with a high concentration of CBD may not have any psychoactive effects, however it’s impossible to predict the impact of specific terpenes patients.
The most popular marijuana terpenes and their benefits
1. Alpha-pinene: This is the most important terpene present in pine needles and sage and has a strong, fresh evergreen scent. It is also found in basil, rosemary and dill as well as parsley. In all cannabis strains alpha-pinene is found in very low concentrations, but it’s been observed that cannabis strains with higher levels of alphapinene have been associated with better concentration and memory.
2. Beta-myrcene: This terpene is a contributor to the hops’ aroma and thyme and may also be an anti-inflammatory. Myrcene is also present in lemongrass, mangoes and thyme. It’s believed that the sedative properties of myrcene may assist with sleeplessness or restless leg syndrome.
3. Limonene is found in high amounts in peppermint, lemongrass and rosemary, in addition to cannabis. It produces a distinct lemon scent that is antidepressant and has anticancer properties.
4. Linalool: Linalool is found in lavender, mint coriander, birch and rosewood. Linalool may be useful in treatment of depression and anxiety, and has tranquilizing effects. Some people report feeling sluggish when using cannabis strains that have high levels of Linalool.
5. Caryophyllene is the sole terpene able to bind to cannabinoid receptors. It’s what gives clove its distinct scent. Caryophyllene, in addition imparting a spicy aroma to the cannabis plant, is also thought to be anti-inflammatory. It is also believed to help in the treatment of anxiety.
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